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The road hog for Italians is usually the car to the right
The road hog for Italians is usually the car to the right

No matter how many Kundalini yoga and meditation classes you've attended, nothing quite prepares you for the wild world of Italian roads and traffic. In this article, we'll explore the unwritten rules of the road in Italy, all while keeping your safety in mind. This piece is dedicated to those who've dared to decipher parking regulations that seem to have taken on a life of their own, and to the adventurers who've learned that ZTL zones aren't the charming sightseeing paths they expected through historic centers.

Bridge through the center - The sopraelevata

Today, as I perused our local newspaper, I learned that once again, miles of traffic jams plagued the roads encircling Genoa yesterday. The root cause lies in the absence of emergency lanes on the Genoa highway, a factor that amplifies even the smallest of accidents into major traffic snarls. Such incidents exemplify the myriad intricacies of navigating Italian traffic. Naturally, the Benetton company found itself in the line of fire once more, given its role in maintaining the ill-fated Morandi bridge's collapse in 2018. Crafting stylish jerseys offers no assurance of road maintenance expertise. As a consequence, the much-needed emergency lanes remain a distant prospect. Benetton reaped millions, if not billions, but earned a tarnished reputation while leaving the municipality burdened with debt. The Genoese population seems endlessly engaged in discussing this ongoing scandal.

Beware of dogs running loose on public roads

Renowned for its vibrant traffic culture, Italy boasts a set of unspoken norms that drivers frequently adhere to for seamless and secure navigation. Beyond the formal traffic regulations, Italy harbors a collection of implicit road guidelines, such as:

The most important (unwritten) traffic rules

  1. Honking: Picture yourself at the Italian wheel. Each tap on your horn is akin to staging a mini-concert for your road companions. Honking serves as a form of driver-to-driver communication, often without adverse intent. Tune in to the subtle notes of honking, as they might carry concealed messages. Yet, refrain from orchestrating a continuous symphony of horns. Rather, remain attuned to these auditory cues, signaling potential alerts. When maneuvering through petite, winding lanes, it's customary to issue a single honk before navigating a bend.
  2. Narrow Roads and Priority: Amidst those slender Italian alleys, where two cars cautiously sidle past, their dance resembles a tender exchange. The golden rule prevailing: the vehicle closest to a lay-by typically claims the "honor" of precedence. This inverted right-of-way is the embodiment of Italian courtesy, my friends.
  3. Double Parking: Indeed, in Italy, the art of double parking appears to have attained national sport status. When parking beckons, a casual approach involves snuggling partly onto the pavement, partly onto the road – and surprisingly, no eyebrows raise. Double parking, in numerous Italian urban locales, emerges as less of an anomaly, particularly within bustling city cores. Yet, if you embark on this parking feat, ensure no obstruction hinders fellow motorists' passage, and remain within reach to swiftly adjust if need be.
  4. Flashing Headlights: 'Get ready to eat my dust, I'm about to whiz by you like a speeding bullet!' Those exasperating light flashes are often an informal cue that you're planning to overtake. It's like a signal that you're itching to pass a slower vehicle, but it doesn't give you a green light to do so automatically. Keep your wits about you and stick to Italy's road rules.
  5. Speed and Maintaining Space: While speed limits are officially established, they can sometimes be interpreted a tad flexibly, especially on highways. Even if you believe you're dutifully keeping within the limits, a local race squad might effortlessly zoom past you as if you're a stationary figure. Hence, ensure ample space ahead, for you never know when a Ferrari will thunder by while you're merely catching a quick snooze behind the wheel. Don't assume there aren't any checks; they exist. Usually, it dawns on you only when the vehicle upfront forcefully slams its brakes, doggedly abiding by the speed limit for half a kilometer.
  6. Pedestrian Crossings: Regrettably, in many Italian regions, drivers not halting for pedestrians at crosswalks isn't a rarity. These crosswalks can feel more like "chessboards" where cars boldly bypass their queens (the pedestrians). Thus, if you're on foot, cast a vigilant eye before venturing onto a crosswalk. Wave an Italian flag if need be, aiming to seize their attention. But remember this: pedestrians possess their own covert Italian traffic decree—self-preservation. As a pedestrian, exercise caution while traversing and ascertain drivers have registered your presence before you embark on your crossing. Also, be wary of the gag of abruptly slamming on brakes right at the crosswalk; your tailing vehicle might have been caught off guard.

Parking rules for MENSA Club members

PAking allowed on weekdays?

Explanatory photo above: Combined with the headboard, they form a composite vertical sign. The additional sign indicates that what is indicated on the main sign, in this case a free parking zone, it applies from Monday through Saturday, because Saturday is actually considered a weekday, while Sunday is a holiday. But can you park for free on Sunday or not? If you know the answer please email me: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

Italian Parking Fee Signs: A cerebral workout akin to engaging in a parking fee sudoku. If you slow down sufficiently (say, at 5 km per hour), you get a brief window to unravel this cryptic puzzle. I've witnessed countless tourists bravely grappling with it in parking lots, only to lose themselves in the labyrinth of numbers, letters, and symbols after a mere couple of minutes.


Here's my suggestion to you: directly inquire of a kind Italian passerby whether parking is permissible. Granted, he might've just parked his own car and give a nonchalant shrug in response, but consider this utterly commonplace. You're in good company, and let me share a pearl of wisdom—I've noticed that Italians have largely abandoned hopes of comprehending these signs. This explains the regular procession of white slips the mail carrier delivers each week to the neighbor who's yet again transgressed Italy's traffic regulations, along with how conveniently they've streamlined payment (the tabbachiao, for those unacquainted).

Paid or not, that is the question.

Zigzagging Tourist Limbo Zone (ZTL Zone)

Practically every touring driver has unwittingly fallen prey to Italy's ZTL zones (Zone a Traffico Limitato), and it's completely relatable! I mean, think about it—when you're an unsuspecting traveler embarking on an escapade through enchanting Italy, who could possibly decline a VIP journey through the pulsating heart of historical cities? Your trusty navigation steers you toward the city center, and as you cruise down the street with an ear-to-ear grin, a local passerby points at the sign with animated hand gestures and an amused expression. 'ZTL.'

Confusing ZTL zone

The ZTL zone is akin to navigating a labyrinth, with signs often unaccompanied by translations. These signs conveniently appear exactly where your attention should be on the road or your GPS, a situation familiar to any first-time city driver.

Parking sign guaranteed to give you a headache

So, I reckon it's a blend of good intentions and a dash of unawareness, yet you venture right into it. Now, the intrigue sets in: there are instances when cameras in ZTL zones are inactive, or the enforcement of Italy's traffic rules isn't as stringent as one might assume, particularly during congestion. Hence, for those blessed with a fortunate streak, this could indeed serve as an unexpected "getaway."

There is bad parking and very bad parking

However, there's a significant caveat here. For those unfortunate souls caught in the wrong spot at an inopportune moment, and who happen to attract the attention of Italy's vigilant traffic cameras, things can take a turn for the worse. Penalties for breaching a ZTL zone can be substantially steep and vary depending on the city and the gravity of the transgression. Anticipate a sum ranging from 80 to 150 euros, or even surpassing that mark. Trust me, that's a considerable fee for a lapse you once innocently made.

So when are you allowed to enter a ZTL zone?

Now, let's wrap things up on a positive note: so, when is it permissible to venture into a ZTL zone? Typically, numerous Italian cities enforce diverse regulations for ZTL zones, frequently contingent on the hour of the day and the day of the week. At times, specific timeframes are set aside for residents, local enterprises, or vendors. As a tourist, it's usually a wise choice to steer clear of ZTL zones, unless there's explicit confirmation that tourists are welcome to access these areas to reach their hotels (alberghi).


Useful links on driving in Italy

  1. Official Government Websites: Links to official Italian government websites that provide detailed information about traffic rules, regulations, and road signs in the country. https://www.mit.gov.it/ - https://www.autostrade.it/en/home
  2. Driving Associations: Links to reputable driving associations or organizations that provide practical advice for foreign drivers in Italy, including guidance on ZTL zones, parking regulations, and road etiquette - Italian AAA  https://www.aci.it/
  3. Local Driving Guides: Links to detailed guides or blog posts written by experienced travelers or expats who have navigated Italian roads, sharing personal insights, anecdotes, and practical advice.https://www.ricksteves.com/europe/italy/driving
  4. Emergency Contacts: Links to emergency contact information, including local police or traffic authorities, in case readers need assistance or have inquiries while driving in Italy. https://www.worldnomads.com/travel-safety/europe/italy/emergency-phone-numbers